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There are number of methods that are used to test pallet stability. In this blog we will discuss the two recognised standards for pallet stability and several other ways businesses are testing their pallets.
EUMOS stands for the European Safe Logistics Association and their aim is to improve safety throughout the logistics chain. It is a non-profit association and relies on the exchange of best practices when working on higher safety standards for logistics.
The EUMOS 40509:2020 standard is a test method for load rigidity. This test method uses a horizontal acceleration-deceleration bench to propel a pallet down a track before bringing it to a sudden stop. A specialist camera is then used to measure the movement and deformation of the pallet. This test aims to recreate the force a pallet experiences during an emergency braking situation. This is the most extreme force a pallet is likely to encounter during transit and therefore it is a good indicator of how well your load will hold up during your supply chain. This is the standard we test to at Lindum and our Mobile Pallet Stability Test Lab is the UK’s only accredited testing laboratory.
ISTA 3E is the other recognised standard for testing pallet stability. It is a very in-depth testing method, and its aims differ slightly from the EUMOS standard as ISTA 3E is focused around preventing product damage.
The ISTA testing method involves atmospheric conditioning, shock/impact, and vibration testing. Whilst it may be more in-depth, it is a considerably more expensive and time-consuming process than the EUMOS standard.
Forklift Tilt Test
Forklift tilt testing involves tipping a pallet using a forklift and it is used by many warehouse operatives across the UK and Europe. This can be a good indicator of pallet stability.
Timothy is no particular person but rather the name we have given to that operator in every factory and warehouse who has the final say on pallet stability. The ‘Timothy’ test involves a visual examination and shanking the pallet to feel and assess the pallet.
Perhaps one of the most commonly used methods of testing pallet stability. Transit trials involve loading truck with pallets of goods and sending it on a real-life journey to assess packaging performance.